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APPA took on the role of documenting the problem of deferred maintenance in 1988 with the study, The Decaying American Campus: A Ticking Time Bomb, published in 1989. The study, conducted in cooperation with Coopers & Lybrand and the National Association of College and University Business Officers, was a landmark research effort documenting a growing problem for U.S. colleges and universities.

Since 1988, there has been much continued attention focused on the issue. States produced facilities-funding models. Institutions sought funds to reduce deferred maintenance, and therefore institutions continued to grow and expand their space. In addition, new forces have come into play requiring institutions to find funding for significant technology upgrades in order to compete. What effect has any of this had on deferred maintenance and facilities renewal?

In 1995, APPA partnered with NACUBO and Sallie Mae to again examine the climate in our higher education institutions.  The research results were published in A Foundation to Uphold: A Study of Facilities Conditions at U.S. College and Universities, published in 1996. The estimates showed $26 billion in accumulated deferred maintenance, of which $5.7 billion are urgent needs. While many campuses have made significant progress in reducing and even eliminating deferred maintenance, the problem continues to plague our campuses. In response to this condition, APPA continues to press for legislators, administrators, and others to address funding needs.


Title Author Year Purchase
Thought Leaders 2012: Campus Space...An Asset and a Burden APPA 2012 Visit Bookstore
Strategic Capital Development: The New Model for Campus Investment Harvey H. Kaiser and Eva Klein 2010 Visit Bookstore
Buildings...The Gifts That Keep on Taking: A Framework for Integrated Decision Making Rod Rose, with David A. Cain, James J. Dempsey, and Rich Schneider 2007 Visit Bookstore
Planning and Managing the Campus Facilities Portfolio ed by William A. Daigneau, APPA Fellow 2003 Visit Bookstore
Charting a New Course for Campus Renewal Rod Rose 1999 Visit Bookstore
A Foundation to Uphold: A Study of Facilities Conditions at U.S. College and Universities Harvey H. Kaiser and Jerry S. Davis 1996 Visit Bookstore
The Decaying American Campus: A Ticking Time Bomb Sean C. Rush and Sandra L. Johnson 1989 Visit Bookstore
Title Author Year Resource Download
Limit the Impact: Build Only What You Need Katie Karp November/December 2012 Facilities Manager
Understanding Functional Adequacy and Facility Condition for Strategic Decision Making Ray Dufresne November/December 2012 Facilities Manager
Another Look at the Impact of Facilities on the Recruitment and Retention of Students Maggie Kinnaman November/December 2012 Facilities Manager
The Facilities Stewardship Oversight Role of Governing Boards E. Lander Medlin March/April 2012 Facilities Manager
A Study of State Tax Appropriations for Capital Needs in U.S. Public Higher Education Delphine Harris, Derrick Manns, and Stephen Katsinas March/April 2012 Facilities Manager
Integrating Sustainability Programs into the Facilities Capital Planning Process Susan Buchanan March/April 2011 Facilities Manager
Qualitative Facilities Assessment--Beyond the Condition Audit Harvey H. Kaiser and Eva Klein November/December 2010 Facilities Manager
Portfolio Based Management William A. Daigneau, APPA Fellow November/December 2010 Facilities Manager
Needs Indexing, Then Benchmarking, Now What? Matt Adams September/October 2010 Facilities Manager
Deferred Capital Renewal as a Spoiler for Campus Programs Joe Whitefield January/February 2010 Facilities Manager
Mission-Centered Asset Management Harry Singh and Maggie Kinnaman, APPA Fellow May/June 2007 Facilities Manager
The Facilities Condition Index as a Measure of the Conditions of Public Universities as Perceived by the End Users Robert J. Quirk September/October 2006 Facilities Manager
Capital Budgeting Practices in Public Higher Education Derrick A. Manns and Stephen G. Katsinas January/February 2006 Facilities Manager
Reviewing the State of Deferred Maintenance Harvey H. Kaiser November/December 2004 Facilities Manager
The Needs Index: The New and Improved FCI David A. Cain and Maggie Kinnaman, APPA Fellow March/April 2004 Facilities Manager
A Fifty State Assessment of Capital Needs for Public Higher Education: Policy Objectives Derrick A. Manns and Ron Opp July/August 2001 Facilities Manager
The Facilities Condition Index: A Useful Tool for Capital Asset Planning Don Briselden and David A. Cain July/August 2001 Facilities Manager